HISTORY OF READING RECOVERY

 

READING RECOVERY IN NEW ZEALAND

 

  • Reading Recovery was developed by New Zealand developmental psychologist and educator, Marie M. Clay. The intervention began from a project carried out in 1976-1977. Dr. Clay met with six people (teachers, supervising teachers, reading advisors and senior university students) every two weeks to observe each other teach and to discuss their procedures and understandings. The observations of the teaching took place using a one-way glass, so observers could closely view the actions of the teacher and student without intruding or interrupting the lesson. The members of the group questioned each other about teaching decisions made and the effectiveness of the procedures. Reading Recovery: A Guidebook for Teachers in Training (1993) (2002) contains the procedures developed during that time, plus refinements that have been added over the years.

 

  • In 1978, Dr. Clay and her team tried out the procedures with teachers in five schools. The schools were selected to represent a variety of school settings and populations. A total of 122 children received additional instruction with the intervention. The intervention was successful in accelerating the learning of most of the students and they reached the performance of their average peers.

 

  • News of the success of the intervention spread to many areas of New Zealand. During 1984-1988 the Department of Education oversaw the expansion of the program for national coverage. News also spread to Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada.

 

READING RECOVERY IN THE UNITED STATES

 

  • It began in the United States in 1984, as a collaboration of the Ohio State University, the Ohio Department of Education, and the Columbus Public Schools. Dr. Clay and Barbara Watson came to the United States to train a group of trainers at the Ohio State University. Gay Su Pinnell, Carol Lyons and Diane DeFord were the first trainers in this country.

 

  • The Reading Recovery program is currently offered in schools in 49 states serving more than 1,000,000 children. New York University is a teacher leader training site for the New York area.

 

READING RECOVERY IN GREAT NECK

 

  • Reading Recovery was implemented in the Great Neck Public Schools in 1990. The Great Neck Public Schools fully implement this literacy intervention in four elementary schools.

 

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