HISTORY OF READING
READING RECOVERY IN NEW
- Reading Recovery was developed by New Zealand
developmental psychologist and educator, Marie M. Clay. The
intervention began from a project carried out in 1976-1977. Dr.
Clay met with six people (teachers, supervising teachers, reading
advisors and senior university students) every two weeks to
observe each other teach and to discuss their procedures and
understandings. The observations of the teaching took place using
a one-way glass, so observers could closely view the actions of
the teacher and student without intruding or interrupting the
lesson. The members of the group questioned each other about
teaching decisions made and the effectiveness of the procedures.
Reading Recovery: A Guidebook for Teachers in Training (1993)
(2002) contains the procedures developed during that time, plus
refinements that have been added over the years.
- In 1978, Dr. Clay and her team tried out the
procedures with teachers in five schools. The schools were
selected to represent a variety of school settings and
populations. A total of 122 children received additional
instruction with the intervention. The intervention was successful
in accelerating the learning of most of the students and they
reached the performance of their average peers.
- News of the success of the intervention spread
to many areas of New Zealand. During 1984-1988 the Department of
Education oversaw the expansion of the program for national
coverage. News also spread to Australia, the United States, the
United Kingdom and Canada.
READING RECOVERY IN THE UNITED STATES
- It began in the United States in 1984, as a
collaboration of the Ohio State University, the Ohio Department of
Education, and the Columbus Public Schools. Dr. Clay and Barbara
Watson came to the United States to train a group of trainers at
the Ohio State University. Gay Su Pinnell, Carol Lyons and Diane
DeFord were the first trainers in this country.
- The Reading Recovery program is currently
offered in schools in 49 states serving more than 1,000,000
children. New York University is a teacher leader training site
for the New York area.
READING RECOVERY IN GREAT
- Reading Recovery was implemented in the Great
Neck Public Schools in 1990. The Great Neck Public Schools fully
implement this literacy intervention in four elementary
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