Research Skills
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What is the Big Six Skills Approach?

The Big Six is an information literacy curriculum, an information problem-solving process, and a set of skills which provide a strategy for effectively and efficiently meeting information needs. Developed by Michael Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz, it can be used whenever students are in a situation, academic or personal, which requires information to solve a problem, make a decision or complete a task.


Task Definition

Define the task (the information problem).

Identify the information needed to complete the task.

Information Seeking Strategies

Brainstorm all possible sources and select the best source.

Location and Access

Locate sources. Find the needed information within the source.

Use of Information


Engage in the source (read, hear, view, touch). Extract relevant information.



Organize information from multiple sources. Present the information.


Judge the process (efficiency).

Judge the product (effectiveness).



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Great Neck South Middle School
Page last updated 11/28/07