Quartering Act (1765)
After the French and Indian War, many colonists were beginning to move onto land west of the Appalachian Mountains. This land had belonged to France before the war. This upset many Native Americans. The colonists were moving onto their land. As a result, Parliament decided to keep some soldiers in the thirteen colonies. This was done to protect the colonists from both the French and the Native Americans.
In March 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act. Under this act, the colonists were responsible for providing the soldiers with food, housing and supplies such as firewood, beer, cider and candles.
British motivations for enforcing the Quartering Act were mixed. Some officials were truly concerned about protecting the colonies from attack and viewed this law the perfect way to do that. Also part of the calculation, however, was a desire to cut costs. If the colonies were to be protected, why should they not pay for the soldiers? The British Government had spent a lot of money to win the French and Indian War. They felt that it was only fair that the colonists now help pay some of the cost of protecting them. However, the colonists were angry at having to obey a law that they did not vote for.
1. What were some of the effects of Britain's victory in the French and Indian War?
2. How did the French and Indian War effect the Native Americans?
3. Why did the Parliament feel justified in passing The Quartering Act?
4. What was the reaction of the colonists to the Quartering Act?