Office of Curriculum and Instruction
English Language Arts
Key features of the New York State Next Generation Standards in English Language Arts include:
Reading-- Anchor Standards:
• Key Ideas and Details, e.g., Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
• Craft and Structure, e.g., Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
• Integration of Knowledge and Ideas, e.g., Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
Writing-- Anchor Standards:
• Text Types and Purposes, e.g., Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
• Research to Build and Present Knowledge, e.g., Conduct research based on focused questions to demonstrate understanding of the subject under investigation.
Speaking and Listening:
• Comprehension and Collaboration, e.g., Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners; express ideas clearly and persuasively, and build on those of others.
• Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas, e.g., Present information, findings, and supporting evidence so that listeners can follow the line of reasoning. Ensure that the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
• Conventions of Academic English/Language for Learning, e.g., Demonstrate command of the conventions of academic English grammar and usage when writing or speaking
• Knowledge of Language, e.g., Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
• Vocabulary Acquisition and Use, e.g., Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.